Professor Peter C. Moskos
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Department of Law, Police Science, and Criminal Justice Administration

General Links (please notify me if there are dead links or you have suggestions):

Are in college but have trouble with basic English writing? Did you never learn English grammar in high school? Do you not really know what makes a complete sentence? If so, Grammar 101 is for you! Online, PDF version, or buy the booklet on

Social Science Writing Style is a very useful guide to help you write your academic papers (ie: most everything you write in college). Written by my colleague, Professor Schulz, I couldn't have said it better myself, so I didn't. If you follow the advice and guidelines she provides for writing papers, you'll get a better grade on your papers in my class.

I wrote these 10 rules of writing. If you're turning in a final paper, why not follow them?

What does it mean to write an "academic" paper? At the very least, cited academic sources. Read this for a list of accepted academic sources.

Here's a link to a 100-year-old version of The Elements of Style. At times it's a bit dated, as you might exptect. But it's still a surprisngly useful and accessable guide to writing. You can buy the current version in the bookstore for less than $10.

Here's an incomplete but good list of books and articles related to police and crime prevention.

If I'm grading your papers, you should read these formating notes for writing assignments.

In college you must learn and use an accepted citation style, such as American Sociological Association (ASA) style, MLA, or American Psychological Association (APA) style. As a sociologist, I'm partial to ASA.

Generally, in the text, an author's last name is followed by the year of publication in parenthesis. When listing references in a bibliography, the necessary information includes book name, book author, place of publication, year of publication, and publisher must be listed. For instance: Moskos, Peter. 2009. Cop in the Hood: My Year in Baltimore's Eastern District. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. For an article, you must include the article title and the journal title and volume. For instance: Moskos, Peter. 2007. "Nine-One-One and the Failure of Police Rapid Response." Law Enforcement Executive Forum. 7(4): 137-150.

Simple, easy, get it right.

John Jay College of Criminal Justice is a senior liberal arts college of the City University of New York dedicated to education and research in the fields of criminal justice.

John Jay's Lloyd Sealy Library has a guide to NYPD: Historical and Current Research. And also many other things! Librarians rock.

L.E.A.P.: Law Enforcment Against Prohibition consists of current and former members of law enforcement who support drug regulation rather than prohibition.

Drug War Facts offers statistics related to the war on drugs.

The U.C.R. for all your crime statistics needs.

IPUMS is where the statistical fun begins. Access to census data for researchers.

Crime and Justice News from Criminal Justice Journalists. Get all the day's news you can use, if, of course, you are interested in crime and justice news. I subscribe to their daily mailing list.

Officer Down Memorial Page is dedicated to the memory of police officers killed in the line of duty.